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Thursday, May 28, 2015

Number Series & Letter Series

 Hello MyRank Viewers,Here are some series.Try it........

  1.     1, 2, 4, 7, 11, 16, 22, 29, ___
 A.      27                               
        B.      29                               
        C.      30                               
        D.     26
        E.      None of these
            2.    1, 2, 6, 24, 120, 720, __
_                 A.      4320              
                  B.      5040              
                  C.      5760              
                  D.     6480
                  E.      None of these
           3.      5      3      4     ?      38
                  A.      5
                  B.      6
                  C.      7.5 
                  D.     8
                  E.      None of these

4.     5      11       ?          55       117
       A.      22
       B.      27
       C.      23
       D.     25
       E.      None of these

5.    2, 10, 30, 68, 130, 222, 350, ___
      A.      520                
      B.      524                
      C.      504                
      D.     666
      E.      none of these

6.     A, F, K, ___________

    A.       P                           B. Q                             C. R                              D. S     
    E. None of these

7.     DIL, GLO, JOR, ___________

    A. XAD            B. GJM             C. MRU                        D. PSV
    E. None of these

8.     BAT, DCV, FEX, _________

    A. HGI             B. HGZ            C. HIJ               D. HGY
    E. None of these

9.     MN, LO, KP, ___________

    A. RS                           B. JQ                            C. IJ                              D. QR
    E. None of these

10. BFZ, IMQ, PTX, _________

    A. XBF             B. XAE             C. WAE                        D. WDF
    E. None of these



Wednesday, May 27, 2015

Explanation Of S-Block(Group IIA Elements)


Group IIA Elements 

Beryllium(Atomic number-4)
Magnesium(Atomic number-12)
Calcium(Atomic number-20)
Strontium(Atomic number-38)
Barium(Atomic number-56)
Radium(Atomic number-88)
  •  Have 2 electrons in the outermost orbit.
  •  By loosing two electrons they form stable + 2 ions.
  •  They are divalent and show + 2 as the stable oxidation state.
General trends in Periodic Table:
  • As we move from top to bottom, atomic radius increases.
  • Order of atomic radius: Be < Mg < Ca < Sr < Ba < Ra
  • Ionization potential decreases down the group.
  • Density increases with increase in atomic mass.
  • Electronegativity decreases from top to bottom.
  • Stability of thermal decomposition of metal carbonates increases down the group.
  • Solubility of carbonates in water decreases down the group.
  • Hydration enthalpy decreases down the group.
  • Reactivity towards Halogens     
      All the alkaline earth metals combine with halogen forming their halides.

                                      

Flame Test:
Be and Mg give negative flame test as the electrons are strongly bound.

Hydration Enthalpy: Like alkali metals ions, the hydration enthalpies of alkaline earth metals ion decrease with increase in ionic size down the group.


General characteristics of compounds of alkaline earth metals:-

1. Oxides and Hydroxides: The alkaline earth metals burn in oxygen to form monoxide of the form MO. BeO is Amphoteric and rest are ionic in nature.


The solubility, thermal stability and the basic character of hydroxides increases with increase in atomic number.

2. Halides:  Except for Beryllium halides, all halides of alkaline earth metals are ionic in nature.

3. Salts of Oxiacids:
(i) Carbonates : 
  • Carbonates of alkaline earth metals are insoluble in water.
  • Metal carbonates on heating give metal oxide and carbon dioxide gas on heating.
  • Beryllium carbonate in highly unstable hence are kept in   atmosphere.

     
 (ii) Nitrates:
  • On heating give metal oxides and Nitrogen dioxide.
  • Tendency of formation of hydration decreases with increase in size



Sunday, May 24, 2015

Different Types Of Thermodynamic Process At A Glance

S.No.Change or name
of the process
IsobaricIsochromicIsothermalAdiabatic
1.DefinitionP=ConstantV=ConstantT=Constanta) Q=Constant
b) Entropy
S = Constant
2.dQ1. For solids
dQ = mcpdT
For gases ncvDt
2. For change in state
dQ = mL
1. For solids
dQ = mcvdT
For gases ncvdT 
dQ = dWZero
3.dU1. dQ-pdV
2. dQ-nRdT
dQZero-dW
4.dW1. PdV
2. nRdT
Zero


5.Equation of state 


PVγ=constant
TVγ-1=constant
P1-γTγ=constant
6.Slope of
p-v curve
Zero
7.LawCharle's lawGay-lussac's lawBoyle's lawPoisson's law
8.Form of First lawsdQ=dU+dW
=ncpdT+PdV
dQ=dU=ncvdTdQ=dW=dV-dU=dW
9.Bulk modulusZeroInfinity-p-γp
10.Result of
maximum work
MaximumZeroLess from isobaric
process but greater
form adiabatic process
Minimum but not
zero


Example :
A cylinder with a movable piston contains 3 moles of hydrogen at standard temperature and pressure. The walls of the cylinder are made of a heat insulator, and the piston is insulated by having  a pile of sand on it. By what factor does the pressure of the gas increase if the gas is compressed to half its original volume?

Ans: As no heat is allowed to be exchanged, the process is adiabatic.

   

Saturday, May 23, 2015

PHYLLOTAXY


Wondering how leaves are arranged on the stem! Then Check it out...............

    Phyllotaxis or phyllotaxy is the arrangement of leaves on a plant stem. Which originates from a Greek word   phýllon "leaf" and  taxis "arrangement".

     The basic arrangements of leaves on a stem are opposite, or alternate = spiral. Leaves may also be whorled if several leaves arise, or appear to arise, from the same level (at the same node) on a stem. This arrangement is fairly unusual on plants except for those with particularly short internodes.

    With an opposite leaf arrangement, two leaves arise from the stem at the same level (at the same node), on opposite sides of the stem. An opposite leaf pair can be thought of as a whorl of two leaves. In an opposite pattern, if successive leaf pairs are perpendicular, this is called decussate.


     With an alternate (spiral) pattern, each leaf arises at a different point (node) on the stem.Distichous phyllotaxis, also called "two-ranked leaf arrangement" is a special case of either opposite or alternate leaf arrangement where the leaves on a stem are arranged in two vertical columns on opposite sides of the stem. Examples include various bulbous plants such as Boophone, Aloe seedlings, and also mature Aloe plicatilis.

A whorl can occur as a basal structure where all the leaves are attached at the base of the shoot and the internodes are small or nonexistent. A basal whorl with a large number of leaves spread out in a circle is called a rosette. Example: Alstonia.

Try observing phyllotaxy of plants in and around your vicinity. And name few of them.

Saturday, May 2, 2015

Logical Puzzles...........


 Hello MyRankers,  
 Here Are Some Logical Questions.Find Their Answers.
1.
Insert the missing number?

 
2.
Insert the missing number?

3.
Insert the missing number?

4.
Insert the missing number?
     
5.
Insert the missing number?
      

6.
What number should replace the question mark?
16, 23, 19, 19, 22, 15, 25, ?
7.
What number should replace the question mark?
1, 2, 6, 12, 36, 72, ?

8.
Which two numbers should replace the question marks?
4, 45, 11.3, 41.3, ?, ?, 25.9, 33.9
9.
What number comes next?
482, 693, 714, 826, 937, ?
10.
What number should replace the question mark?
24, 30, ?, 60, 84, 114