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Sunday, January 8, 2017

Intersection of Line and Plane

The angle between a line and a plane is the complement of the angle between the line and normal to the plane.

Thus, if θ is the angle between a lines (x – α)/l = (y - β)/m = (z - γ)/n
And the plane ax + by + cz + d = 0. Then, the angle between the normal to the plane and the line is (90°- θ).

cos (90°- θ) = (al + bm + cn)/ √ (a² + b² + c²) √ (l² + m² +n²).

sinθ = (al + bm + cn)/ √ (a² + b² + c²) √ (l² + m² +n²).

If the line is parallel to the plane,

al + bm + cn = 0.

If the line is perpendicular to the plane,

l/a = m/b = n/c

Find the angle between the line (x - 1)/1 = (y + 2)/1 = (z - 4)/0 and the plane y + z + 2 = 0.

Solution:

Let θ be the angle between the line (x - 1)/1 = (y + 2)/1 = (z - 4)/0 and the plane y + z + 2 = 0.

sinθ = (al + bm + cn)/ √ (a² + b² + c²) √ (l² + m² +n²).

⇒ sinθ = [1(0) + 1(1) + 1(0)]/ √ [(1)² + (1)² + (0)²] √ [(1)² + (1)² + (0)²]

⇒ sinθ = 1/ √2 √2

Then,

⇒ sinθ = ½

 θ = π/6